If the lip of the flange won’t rest flush to the floor all the way around, the flooring is likely warped or damaged due to water. How far above the floor should the new toilet bowl flange be installed? Prep the Floor and Soil PipeStuff a rag into the soil pipe to block sewer gas and prevent hardware … Our toilet was too small and short and I wanted to install a toilet that was higher and at a more comfortable height. What can I do? How do I know if the wax ring needs replacing? By using our site, you agree to our. ! The flange should be placed over the pipe so it lays flat against the concrete floor. If you damage the outflow pipe in the process, you’ll be facing costly repairs. The ones in the floor are only to give some side to side support. While this is true, you should know that the bolts don’t go directly to the floor. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. The new toilet flange set should come with nuts, bolts, and washers, but keep these ones handy just in case you need them. It’s also important to read the industry code for toilet fitting relevant to your location and building materials, as local variations may exist. Toilets are attached to a metal or plastic collar known as a toilet floor flange. Remove the old toilet and clean the surrounding floor with a bathroom cleaner. You can find replacement bolts at any hardware store. Once it's on the floor, push down on the bowl to compress the … Even if you reuse the flange, always install a new wax ring. Most toilet flanges are 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch thick and are designed to fit either a 3-inch or 4-inch pipe. The bolts should now be sticking up so the toilet can be placed over them. Make sure the flange you purchase is the same size and shape. Measure the depth and width of the gluing edge of the bowl. wikiHow's. How much does it cost to replace a toilet flange? Approved. When I was replacing the flange some of the PVC pipe broke off and fell down the drain. When preparing to install the toilet, the first thing to confirm is the proper … But the instructions show the bolts go into the floor on the outside of the toilet, but I can't figure out how these actually attach to the toilet itself. The house has piped underfloor heating. Do you have to replace the flange when you get a new toilet or can you just replace the wax ring? Once the toilet has been removed, plug the outflow pipe with a towel, and then scrape off the wax ring. I am having trouble removing the toilet flange even after all the screws have been removed. However, if it doesn’t look to be in ideal condition, it’s best to just replace it. Unfortunately, PVC cement is permanent, and I ended up cutting a sizable chunk of the old pipe down with a Dremel tool (only thing I could use to cut below floor … Press the toilet flange down into the drain opening, using the T-bolts as … But the instructions show the bolts go into the floor on the outside of the toilet, but I can't figure out how these actually attach to the toilet itself. When a toilet is leaking from the base, you may need to replace the toilet flange. Finally, apply some more silicone sealant to the base of the toilet, smoothing it down with a damp sponge for a clean finish. "I never thought I could install a new flange and wax ring for a toilet. If the flange has no cracks, chips, or deformations, you may choose to just reinstall it with a new wax ring. The bottom face of the flange should rest on (or be supported with spacer rings to be even with) the finished floor, so that the entirety of the flange is above the finished floor. Some people wait to block up the pipe until after removing the old flange. This step is tricky and … With Saniflo you can install a toilet even when main drainage isn’t close by. Then make an outline of the toilet on the floor with masking tape. Once again, any damage to the outflow pipe itself will be costly mistake. If nothing is broken try to determine if the floor is just sloped or something that can be fixed with a shim or something to level out the floor. This article has been viewed 528,619 times. Fitting the new toilet. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. ", https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-replace-a-toilet-flange/, https://home.howstuffworks.com/home-improvement/repair/how-to-replace-toilet-flange.htm, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Taking after the name “water closet,” the traditional name for a toilet, closet flanges are typically made of PVC, rubber, copper, brass, stainless steel … Learn more... A toilet flange connects the bottom of a toilet to the drainpipe in the floor of the bathroom. After you placed it the rest of the way down, that now-flattened side could have left a gap, allowing smells to escape. You will smell sewer gas or see water on the floor around the base of the toilet. Assuming you’re asking for a plumber to come out, this could cost roughly around US$50 to US$200, probably leaning mostly to the upper end of costs. You need to lift the toilet straight up to clear the 2 bolts that are sticking up through the base. I am just a bit concerned about screwing the pan to the floor and whether the pipes will be far enough down not to worry. Thank you, I didn't have to call a plumber! If you discover a leak beneath your toilet and remove the toilet, you may discover that the flange is undamaged. This is why it's important to install the toilet as perpendicular as possible. In either case, it is best to call a plumber. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. The toilet must be sealed to the flange with a wax ring to prevent waste water and sewer gas from leaking into the bathroom no matter how the toilet is mounted. Plastic couplings are usually only intended to be hand-tightened, while metal ones can be tightened with a wrench or pliers. There are bolt holes on the inside though (accessible from the rear) which I believe line up with the regular toilet bolt holes. Read on for tips on removing a glued-in flange and reinstalling the toilet! Step 5: Installing the new flange. Will replacing the flange work before putting in the new toilet? If you don’t have the old flange, buy a new flange that matches the outflow pipe measurement you took. $11.99 $ 11. Step 2 Close up of toilet flange. If you can’t find a good match or need help in general, ask an employee at the store for help. Use a drill to create new pilot holes in the flooring, if needed. The wax will likely come off in sticky chunks. However, if the old flange has broken into pieces, you’ll definitely need this measurement. No, simply replace wax ring or seal (rubber gasket seals are becoming more popular). If you damage the outflow pipe while trying to cut out the flange, you'll be facing costly repairs. Once you lift the toilet off the flange, you’ll usually find that flange replacement is a manageable DIY project; however, you may decide it’s best to call a plumber in some circumstances. I have to fix a new toilet to my daughter's downstairs toilet.She has just had the floor retiled. Fit the hinges to the toilet seat and then attach it to the pan using the provided fixings. You need at least one wax ring and the first one should have a rubber flange attached. Answering a question about costs is difficult because it depends on where you live, what local plumbers charge for call-outs and work time, etc. Over the years securing a toilet pan to the floor has changed in a good way. Keep some newspaper or an old towel nearby so you can wipe off your putty knife as you work. However, by blocking it now, you stop sewer gases earlier and provide protection against accidentally losing things—wax ring bits, screws, bolts, etc.—down the pipe. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Existing holes from the previous flange may be in the same location but be too large to hold the new screws. Thanks, I believe I can do this! at high speeds. Unscrew the flange from the floor and lift it up to measure and inspect it. There are bolt holes on the inside though (accessible from the rear) which I believe line up with the regular toilet bolt holes. Thanks!". But a piece that's about 4 inches is missing. Made of durable plastic, these bolts are white in color. 1 in. The toilet supply line is the flexible metal hose that runs from the toilet … A forum community dedicated to Do it yourself-ers and home improvement enthusiasts. References If you’re using the newer type of “wax ring” that is actually a rubber gasket, lay it rounded side up on the toilet flange and place the toilet on top of it. How to replace a flange on a cast iron pipe? Hold the toilet upright over the flange and guide the bolts through the holes in the base as you lower it in place. Ever feel like something is just OFF with your stomach? By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. I've run into a similar problem with a slab foundation and terribly rotted closet flange (metal) attached to PVC pipe. A great solution that is tried and tested and gives a secure, movement free fixing.. Great for fixing down a toilet to a ceramic tiled, porcelain tiled or plastic floor without the use of screws. However, you can also lay the ring (rounded side up) on top of the toilet flange, then set the toilet on top of it. There are 25 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. It is best that the flange is level with the floor; the higher a flange sits above the floor, the greater the likelihood of poor fitting and problems with the toilet leaking. Check the Flange Height. The flange leads to the soil stack, a large drain pipe designed to carry a large volume of liquid, etc. They hide the ends of the bolts that are used to attach the toilet to the floor. If the toilet flange sits below the finished floor, the toilet will leak. Step 18. If it's cast iron, it's probably integrated into a cast iron outflow pipe. Instead, they secure to a toilet flange. For this reason. The bolt broke halfway! This process is the same whether you pressed the wax ring to the underside of the toilet or placed it on top of the flange. A small amount of water will run out of the hose, so keep a towel handy to sop it up. Toilet Floor Bolts and Caps Set, Universal Toilet Bowl to Floor Bolts Solid Brass, Including 2 Brass Bolts, 4 Bolt Caps with Nuts/Washers Toilet Bolts Heavy Duty Bolts Closet Bolt Set, Solid Brass. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Toilet Bolt Caps (2-Pack) These toilet bolt caps provide a finished These toilet bolt caps provide a finished look to the toilet. The flange should be set as it it was on a floor. VerticalScope Inc., 111 Peter, Suite 901, Toronto, Ontario, M5V 2H1, Canada. In order for this not to happen the toilet flange must sit above the finished floor by at least 1/4″. Step 1. While the tank fills, check for leaks at the connection point between the supply line and the toilet tank. The neck of the flange should slide into the pipe snugly. An improperly fitted toilet is often caused by the flange not sitting on the finished floor but rather, sitting above it, or it is not level with the floor. If you’ve lost the new bolts, you can likely reuse the bolts from the old flange, provided that they’re still in good condition. Most toilet flanges come with 4 screws, but yours may have more or fewer. If a toilet bolt will not get tight, how do I address the source of the issue? Disconnect the supply line. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. It’s simple, the watertight seal between the toilet bowl and wax ring will eventually fail. If the toilet isn't moving that much, you can slide a metal or plastic shim underneath from the outside. Make sure that the drain horn on the bottom of the toilet base is lined up with the flange opening and wax ring to seal it well. In … If closing this valve fails to shut off the water supply completely, you’ll have to shut off the water further down the line—potentially at the main shutoff valve near your water meter. Remove the center plastic disk with a hammer. Read on for tips on removing a glued-in flange and reinstalling the toilet! Remove the toilet and turn it on its side. Should it be flush with floor, or below or above? Pros usually prefer to apply the wax ring this way in order to guarantee a good seal around the toilet. How high above floor can toilet flange be? If you have plastic caps that cover the bolts, just snap them in place. Once you do this, slowly walk the toilet over to the waiting newspapers or towels. However, you can install a rubber gasket the same way you'd install a wax ring. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Loosen the two nuts on either side of the floor of the toilet. In this example the toilet has held firm since 2010, see details below. Screw down the flange with a masonry drill and then fit the heads of locking bolts into the grooves on the flange. You should do any needed floor repairs (or call in a pro to do them) before proceeding. If the flange is PVC but is glued to the inside or outside of a PVC outflow pipe, you’ll have to carefully use a chisel and/or a drill with a hole-saw bit to work it free. You will place the … Lift and place the toilet bowl over the anchor bolts protruding from the floor. Most plumbers use #10 Phillips screws to attach the flange to the floor. Place the end of the drill bit onto one of the areas to drill on the tile and twist the drill back and forth … Adding an additional toilet in a busy household is often a necessity and may need to be squeezed into the smallest spot in the house. You might think your loose toilet bowl is held down to the floor by a couple bolts. First set the toilet in place (without the wax ring) and square it up to the wall. Installing a Toilet on a Concrete Floor Step 1: Place the Flange Place the toilet flange face down on the concrete. It has a hub with a rubber sleeve that should be facing up. In this case, 84% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. However if you notice damage to the floor, or flange, you may want to replace them depending on the severity of damage. Fixing down a toilet without drilling and using screws. I was able to read the step-by-step, "I am getting ready to replace an old toilet, and was unaware of the flange and how to replace or even remove it, "The refresh on the toilet flange height and install helped.The whole article was interesting. You may cause the porcelain to crack. You'll need them later to re-attach the toilet. The toilet you describe should use a normal toilet closet flange, firmly screwed into the wall with backing. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. Flanges are made of either plastic, brass, stainless steel, or cast iron. Fit the supply line with a 90-degree shutoff valve. The closet bolts through the flange are what holds the bowl in place. To replace a toilet flange, lay newspaper down on the floor around the toilet, and turn off the water to the toilet before flushing and siphoning all of the water out of the bowl. Why? wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. You could also place the removed toilet in a nearby tub or shower stall, but there’s a chance the bottom of the toilet will scratch up the tile and/or the tub’s finish. installation guide and successfully did it myself. Some residual water may leak out when you do this, so have a towel handy to wipe it up. Insert the closet bolts at the red marks and move them to the blue marks. The drain pipe for my toilet sort of looks like a horn. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 528,619 times. JavaScript is disabled. Helping You to Do It Yourself! 99. If the flange is sitting only about ¼ inch of the floor, it is possible to use a wax ring sealed in place to fix this small gap. The toilet flange is a pipe fitting that both connects the outflow pipe to the toilet and the toilet to the floor. If so, use a mallet to tap plastic wall anchors into the holes, then drive the screws through the flange lip and into the anchors. 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Just reinstall it with a towel handy to sop it up ring for a experience! Rubber sleeve that should be facing costly repairs as an emergency backup for the screws have removed. Gluing edge of the PVC pipe broke off and fell down the flange has no cracks, chips, large. Include your email address to get a new wax ring carry a large drain pipe trained team of editors researchers! Jan 7 off with your stomach 2019 References Approved pipe with a gasket...